عنوان مقاله [English]
r, there is not a sufficiently deep understanding of the social issues caused by earthquakes; Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the social issues that arose during the return to life after the November 2017 earthquake in the city of Sarpol-e Zahab. The research is qualitative and content analysis method has been used to conduct research operations. The study population consisted of earthquake victims and urban social experts in the Sarpol-e-Zahab earthquake. Sampling was theoretical and was performed using targeted strategies and snowballs. Based on this, 48 interviews were conducted with earthquake victims and social experts. Data were collected using semi-structured in-depth interviews and context-based analysis with the systematic strategy of Strauss and Corbin. This qualitative study categorizes the two main categories of social vulnerability (a priori social problems, lack of sensitivity to vulnerable groups, neglect of social rehabilitation, vulnerability due to loss of property and assets, influx of non-natives) and Forgetfulness and abandonment Examining the sub-categories (unfinished housing, incompatibility of housing reconstruction with local culture and lack of priority for job creation, which has led to delays in returning to normal life. According to the results of the study, social issues are hidden in the layers of social life. It occurs after the earthquake and is less considered in post-earthquake programs and studies. Therefore, policy makers and social planners should develop a comprehensive plan that considers these hidden issues and the process of returning to life. Facilitate normalization after an earthquake.