Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Garmsar Branch

2 Associate Professor of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Garmsar Branch

3 assistant professor of sociology Islamic Azad university Garmsar Branch



The purpose of this research is to identify the conditions leading to recidivism in prison. An ethnographic method was used to achieve this goal. Information was collected through interviews with 20 male prisoners with a history of returning to prison as informants, field observation, and the study of documents. The findings showed that the prison has an official mechanism for dealing with the prisoner that operates at five levels: meeting the prisoner's biological needs, receiving and evaluating, providing training, support, and care, and improving the prisoner's social relations. Also, the analysis of the interviews led to the emergence of five main categories: the prisoner label and the experience of social exclusion, the density of prisoners, the lack of protective classification of prisoners, the inefficiency of support and care systems, and inefficient and ineffective education. The ward provides informal support and training as a center for receiving official biological and support services. Male prisoners returning to prison are practically aligned with the informal socialization system, and the official system does not have the necessary efficiency to communicate with this group of prisoners. The existing official mechanism is also unable to achieve its set goals. ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬


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