Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Garmsar Branch

2 Associate Professor of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Garmsar Branch

3 assistant professor of sociology Islamic Azad university Garmsar Branch



The precise question of this article is,” How did imprisoned male prisoners experience family and school? Did these experiences lead them toward social deviance? ether the prison can stop the cycle of returning to the prison of male prisoners. This research was conducted using the qualitative approach of grounded theory. Data were collected through observation and semi-structured interviews with 20 male prisoners aged 35 to 50 who had experienced committing a crime and returning to Prison. In this review, the theories of Foucault, Sutherland, Gottfredson, and Hirschi were considered for theoretical sensitivity. The research findings show that the male prisoners who have returned to prison often fall into two paradigms of "disoriented youth" and "ambitious without tools.” The result of both paradigms is imprisoned. In the first paradigm, family and school, as the primary socializing institutions, are not prepared to face the intense sexual desires of these young men. The young men were categorized as violented people against the rules. In the second paradigm, the young man goes through the excitement of adolescence more quickly, but at the same time, he is not ready to face newer challenges in the family, job, and education. The important thing is that all the people admitted to prison did not necessarily appear from within the delinquent subculture. Still, the inefficiency of family and, school, led to the fact that the person's lack of preparation to face the ups and downs of life is incomplete and ineffective.


Main Subjects