Document Type : Research Paper




A number of studies have examined some forms of child labor, but there are no studies that systematically address the various forms of child labor, their contexts, characteristics, and consequences. In this study, using a qualitative method, the forms of child labor in Tehran have been studied. The study was conducted using the grounded theory method. The study population consists of three groups of children, their employers and child specialists. In order to analyze the findings, a three-step coding method was used to construct the theory of child labor. Findings show that children in Tehran work in various forms of work, including the worst form of work. The relations of these works are divided into three categories: kinship, employer and organized. The main causes of child labor are the development gap in the country, the war and poverty in Afghanistan, the poverty of families, the culture of some communities about children and child labor, the informal labor market and the legal framework and law enforcement. Also, the reasons for children and their families to work are to cover part of the household expenses, to learn skills in the absence of a link between education and employment. The main strategies of children and their families are a number of actions in order to promote and increase income and reduce work risks. In addition to being exploited, children in various forms of work, depending on their circumstances and characteristics, harms their physical and mental health and disorder their effective socialization.


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